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Lupus is an inflammatory disease that occurs when the immune system attacks its tissues and organs. This disease is also known as an autoimmune disease. An autoimmune disease is when your immune system accidentally attacks your body.
The body parts susceptible to lupus attacks include the joints and skin. In severe cases, it also attacks the heart, kidneys, brain, lungs, and blood cells. Lupus is a chronic disease that can flare up once or twice a year. During this period, the patient does not feel well and can be disabled depending on the attacked part of the body.
This disease can affect work, family life, and regular activities. It most commonly affects women in their reproductive age and ten times more than men.
Knowing the type of Lupus you are experiencing will help determine your treatment. There are four major types of Lupus, including:
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is the most common type of Lupus. From the name, “systemic” implies the possibility of affecting multiple organs.
The SLE is the first type that comes to mind when people hear about Lupus. It primarily affects organs like the skin, joints, and kidneys but can also affect other parts.
Cutaneous Lupus is described as Lupus that affects the skin. There are three types — each type having its lesions, location, and pattern. Sometimes, a skin biopsy is needed to diagnose these types of Lupus. They are:
DIL results from exposure or reaction to a certain drug, which leads to a lupus-like syndrome. It resolves itself after discontinuation of the offending drug.
This is a rare congenital disorder present at birth. It occurs in 1 out of every 20,000 childbirths in America. Often time, the affected child develops a red rash. However, it could potentially cause congenital heart blockage too.
Symptoms vary, and there is a wide range of them. They include:
Diagnosing Lupus may be difficult because of its wide range of symptoms similar to that of other illnesses’. However, there are 11 tests and criteria which need to be evaluated. If the patient meets at least 4 of them, the doctor may think they have Lupus.
The test/symptoms required for Lupus are as follows:
There is no cure for Lupus, but treatment can manage symptoms and flare-ups. This helps to reduce the chances or risk of organ damage. If the flare is left untreated, it may lead to life-threatening results. Medications are taken to:
To decide which medication to take, you should consult with your doctor.
Aside from drugs and medications, the following may help relieve pain and reduce the risk of flare-ups:
Healthier Me Today is intended for informational purposes only. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment. Always consult with your healthcare professional. Stay healthy!